Ewald Ferdinand Gotthilf Grossmann and family from Zuellichau in Prussia to South Australia

 by Brian Grossmann, Adelaide/ S.A. and Detlef R. Papsdorf, Bellersheim/ Germany

© Familienarchiv Papsdorf 2008


Ewald Grossmann, a journeyman mason (Maurergeselle) was born in Zuellichau/ Prussia 

on 31. March 1808. He married Johanna Luise, nee Schmidt, born Zuellichau 8. March 1810, 1834 or 1835. 

Children born in Germany:

1. Anna (Johanne) Caroline Wilhelmina, born 14.5.1836 (age at emmigration 1841: 4¾ years)
2. Johann Karl August 
(age at emmigration 1841: 3 years - buried at Nain/ S.A.)
3. Julius Karl Robert Grossmann
(age at emmigration 1841: 9 months - buried at Nuriootpa)

 

Death of Ewald Grossmann 1898

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Headstone of Julius Grossmann

in Nuriootpa


 

Auswanderungs-Consens  

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Nachweis der Auswanderung (pg.1) 

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Nachweis der Auswanderung (pg.2)  

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[Kind permission for Internet publication by: Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv Potsdam Rep. 3 B Regierung Frankfurt (Oder) I St Nr. 717 Bl. 137 bzw. Nr. 779 Bl. 85 RS from 01. November 2007 (AZ II-8122-6547/07-Sp)] 

The original prussian emigration documents  

 


 

The emigration started with approximately 270 persons from Tschicherzig/ Oder on 1. Mai 1841 to Hamburg (17days). They boarded the second of three "Oderkaehnen" (Oder barges) - a journey of about 600 kilometres inland waterways was awaiting them!

 

Barges "Oderkähne" on the River Oder in Prussia  


J.G. Krünitz „Oeconomische Encyklopaedie“ 1773 - 1858 : Der Oderkahn, mit welchem man auf der Spree und Oder fährt, und welcher auch breslauer Kahn genannt wird, weil von da her alle Waaren auf der Oder herunter nach Berlin, und so weiter, gebracht werden, unterscheidet sich von einem Elbkahne in folgenden Stücken. Erstlich erhält er auf dem Boden keine Blade, sondern die langen Sohlen der Knie vertreten deren Stelle. Ueberdies werden die Boden=Bohlen verspündet, wie bey dem Elbkahne. Zweytens hat er keinen Rießbord, sondern bloß Kappstücke, und dazwischen Latten, wie bey dem Elbkahne. Statt der Scharstücke auf den Duchten, erhält er Scharböcke.
Ein Oderkahn hat in der Länge im Boden 62 bis 64 Fuß, oben 97 bis 98 Fuß in der Breite im Boden 7 bis 7 Fuß 4 Z. oben 11 bis 11 1/2 Fuß -- Z.
Die Kajüte, nebst Raum zum Steuerruder, beträgt, der Länge nach, 22 F., der Raum an der Spitze aber 17 F.; mithin bleiben zum Laden 60 F. Der Ladungsraum beträgt 2000 bis 2500 Kubikfuß, welcher 8 bis 900 Ctn., oder 6 bis 7 Haufen Holz, nach markbrandenb. Maße tragen soll. Zu einem ordinären Oderkahne, welcher ohne die Spitzen 56 F. lang, im Boden 8 F. und oben 11 F. im Lichten weit, und 3 F. tief ist, welcher 16 Lasten (Unter einer Last werden 35 Ctn. schwer, oder 3 Wsp. Rocken, oder 12 Tonnen Salz, verstanden) trägt, und alsdann 2 F. 3 Z. tief im Wasser geht, ist nachstehendes Holz erforderlich:
I. An Eichen=Holz. a) 152 F. lang, 15 bis 16 Z. breit, 2 1/2 Z. starkes Braun=Holz, welche Länge nur aus 2 Stücken bestehen muß. b) 4 Stück Scharstücke zu den Vorder= und Hinterspitzen des Kahnes, 12 Z. breit und 3 Z. stark. c) 212 F. lang, 5 Z. stark und 12 Z. breit, zu Kappstücken der Spitzen. d) 25 Par eichene Knie, 12 F. lang, 4 Z. breit, 6 Z. stark, und e) 345 F. eichene Bohlen, 15 bis 16 Z. breit, 3 Z. stark, zum Boden.
Es werden auch Oderkähne mit kienenem Boden gebauet. Alsdann werden, statt der 345 F. eichene Bohlen, kienene genommen; dergleichen Kähne dauern aber nur wenige Jahre.
II. An Kienen=Holz. f) Ein Segelbaum, 50 F. lang, am Stamme 12 Z. am Zopfe aber 2 Z. stark. g) Zwey Stück Segel= oder Schmack=Stangen, 40 F. lang, in der Mitte 5 Z., und an beyden Enden abgespitzt. h) 200 F. kienene Bohlen, 17 bis 18 Z. breit, 2 1/2 Z. stark. i) 30 Stück Tischlerbreter, 24 F. lang. k) 12 St. Spundbreter, 24 F. lang. Ausser dem sind noch 4 Stück Ruder von Aeschen=Holz nöthig, welche aus Schlesien kommen, und wofür pro Stück, complet fertig, 2 Rthlr. gegeben zu werden pflegt. 


 

 

Part 1: The first days on the river Oder from Tschicherzig

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Part 2: The trip on the german inland waterways (blue) and on the North Sea (purple)

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They travelled down the river Oder entering the Spree and reached Berlin on 13. May. They visited the Museum which stands in front of the the Royal palace. Then  they continued on river Havel and reached Potsdam. Down the river Elbe they headed to Wittenberge, the last Prussian town.

The barges arrived in Hamburg-Altona on 22. May. Here their epic voyage began on 3. July 1841 with the chartered Danish sailing ship SKJOLD (400 tons, built at Sundeborg 1839, owned by C. Petersen of Sundeborg, captain Hans Christian Claussen) together with Pastor Gotthard Daniel Fritzsche an his fiancee Johanna Dorothea (Dorette, Dorchen) Nehrlich.  

 

Hamburg - Am Deichtor (1840) - home place of the Nehrlich family and place where G.D. Fritzsche met his well educated and much adored Dorette

(in front of the picture river barges like those of the emmigrants)


 

S/S Skjold

(origin unknown)

Manifest of the Skjold (page1)

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Manifest of the Skjold 

(page 2 - see Mrs. and Ms. Nehrlich)

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The Skjold arrived in Port Adelaide/ S.A. on 27. October 1841. Here the South Australian register reports of another group of 213 German settlers. There were 41 deaths on the voyage especially among the children.

Then they all travelled to Klemzig. The Grossmann family with other German settlers then travelled to the Barossa and establish Bethanien (later called Bethany). The village had narrow frontages with long strips of land in "Reihendorf" style.  Ewald most certainly would have been involved in the construction of the first church here.

The settlers quickly established themselves and cultivated just under 500 acres in approximately 18 months. An incredible achievement!

The Grossmann family shifted to Walton and Nain and farmed in the area (possibly involved in the construction of the church "Zum Schmalen Wege" (The Narrow Way).

Ewald is buried in the Lutheran pioneers cemetry of Nain.  

Signature of Ewald Grossmann 

[see the "Geminationsstrich" (shortening line) at the end. Above a consonant this line doubles it. In this case n > nn]      

Death of Johanne Luise Grossmann nee Schmidt 1885

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Birth of Traugott Leberecht Grossmann 1845 

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Children born in South Australia:

4. Ernst Gottlieb, born 1843  

5. Traugott Leberecht, born 1845,  died Kununoppin/ W.A. 29. May 1929, 

    oo Tothills Creek 1. October 1868 Bertha Rehler  (married by Pastor J. Ey), eight children.

6. Johanne Luise, born 1849   

7. Maria Elizabeth, born 30.1.1853   

 

 

Son of Traugott Leberecht Grossmann:

George August, born Deep Creek/ S.A. 3. August 1884. Two children: 

Eric George & Joy 

 

Son of George August Grossmann: Brian

 

Son of Brian Grossmann: Tristan Eric 

Birth of Georg August Grossmann 1884

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Georg August Grossmann

Son of Traugott Leberecht and grandson of 

Ewald and Johanna Grossmann

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Johanna Wilhelmina Caroline Grossmann

Daughter of Ewald and Johanna, born Züllichau/  Prussia 14. May 1836

She met Johann George Dohnt ( born Guhren/ Prussia) at Main/ S.A. There they were married in the Main Lutheran church on 18th August 1859. They were farmers in the area, retiring at Blyth/ S.A.
(Their daughter in the photograph is Pauline Matilda Dohnt (born 23. June 1869. Johanna Caroline Wilhelmina's
age was therefore 33 years and approximately 5 months when this photograph was taken.)

On one occasion George had a very badly ulcerated leg and no medication would heal it. Johanna used an old remedy that was passed down through her family which consisted of making an ointment by crushing Marshmallow leaves and applying it to the ulceration which healed the wound completely.

(click photo to enlarge)

Marriage Traugott Leberecht Grossmann - Bertha Rehder 1868

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Georg August and son Brian

Brian at Nain Church Narrow Gate


Impressions from Züllichau, Tschicherzig and the River Oder

(click the photos to enlarge them)


I thank Detlef Papsdorf for making this listing possible. It is a fitting tribute. Also his Homepage very much fills a void on German emmigration to South Australia.

Brian Grossmann, Adelaide/ S.A. - January 2008


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